Category Archives: 19c

ZDLRA, Patch the Recovery Appliance

The proceed to patch ZDLRA is not complicated, but as usual, some details need to be checked before starting the procedure. Since it is one engineering system based at Exadata, the procedure has one part that (maybe) needs to upgrade this stack too. But, is possible to upgrade just the recovery appliance library.

Whatever if need or no to upgrade the Exadata stack, the upgrade for recovery appliance library is the same. The commands and checks are the same. The procedure described in this post cover the upgrade of the recovery appliance library. For Exadata stack, it is in another post.

Where we are

Before even start the patch it is important to know exactly which version you are running. To do this execute the command racli version at you database node:

[root@zeroinsg01 ~]# racli version
Recovery Appliance Version:
        exadata image: 19.2.3.0.0.190621
        rarpm version: ra_automation-12.2.1.1.2.201907-30111072.x86_64
        rdbms version: RDBMS_12.2.0.1.0_LINUX.X64_RELEASE
        transaction  : kadjei_julpsu_ip2
        zdlra version: ZDLRA_12.2.1.1.2.201907_LINUX.X64_RELEASE
[root@zeroinsg01 ~]#

With this, we can discover the ZDLRA version running (12.2.1.1.2.201907 in this case), and the Exadata image version (19.2.3.0.0.190621).

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19c Grid Infrastructure Upgrade

Upgrade GRID infrastructure is one activity that usually is postponed because it involves a sensible area that, when not works, causes big downtime until be fixed. But, in the last versions, it is not a complicated task and if you follow the basic rules, it works without problems.

Here I will show a little example of how to upgrade the GI from 18.6.0 to 19.5. The steps below were executed at Exadata running version 19.2.7.0.0.191012 and GI 18.6.0.0, but can be done in every environment that supports Oracle GI.

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TFA error after GI upgrade to 19c

Recently I made an Exadata stack upgrade/update to the last 19.2 version (19.2.7.0.0.191012) and I upgraded the GI from 18c to 19c (last 19c version – 19.5.0.0.191015) and after that, TFA does not work.

Since I don’t want to complete execute a TFA clean and reinstallation I tried to find the error and the solution. Here I want to share with you the workaround (since there is no solution yet) that I discovered and used to fix the error.

The environment

The actual environment is:

  • Old Grid Infrastructure: Version 18.6.0.0.190416
  • New Grid Infrastructure: Version 19.5.0.0.191015
  • Exadata domU: Version 19.2.7.0.0.191012 running kernel 4.1.12-124.30.1.el7uek.x86_64

TFA error

After upgrade the GI from 18c to 19c, the TFA does not work. If you try to start it or collect log using it, you can receive errors. In the environment described here, the TFA was running fine with the 18c version, and the rootupgrade script from 18c to 19c does not report an error.

And to be more precise, the TFA upgrade from 18c to 19c called by rootupgrade was ok (according to the log – I will show later). But even after that, the error occurs.

The provided solution as usual (by MOS support): download the lastest TFA and reinstall the actual one. Unfortunately, I not like this approach because can lead to an error during GI upgrade for next releases (like 20) and updates (19.6 as an example).

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Exadata, workaround for oracka.ko error

Recently I made an Exadata stack upgrade/update to the last 19.2 version (19.2.7.0.0.191012) released in October of 2019, and update the GI to the last 19c version (19.5.0.0.191015) and after that, I hade some issues to create 11G databases.

So, when I try to create an 11G RAC database, the error “File -oracka.ko- was not found” appears and creation fails. Here I want to share with you the workaround (since there is no solution yet) that I discovered and used to bypass the error.

The environment

The actual environment is:

  • Grid Infrastructure: Version 19.5.0.0.191015
  • Exadata domU: Version 19.2.7.0.0.191012 running kernel 4.1.12-124.30.1.el7uek.x86_64
  • 11G Database: Version 11.2.0.4.180717
  • ACFS: Used to store some files

oracka.ko

So, calling dbca:

[DEV-oracle@exsite1c1-]$ /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.4/dbhome_1/bin/dbca -silent -createDatabase -templateName General_Purpose.dbc -gdbName D11TST19 -adminManaged -sid D11TST19 -sysPassword oracle11 -systemPassword oracle11 -characterSet WE8ISO8859P15 -emConfiguration NONE -storageType ASM -diskGroupName DATAC8 -recoveryGroupName RECOC8 -nodelist exsite1c1,exsite1c2 -sampleSchema false
Copying database files
100% complete
Look at the log file "/u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/D11TST19/D11TST19.log" for further details.
[DEV-oracle@exsite1c1-]$

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ZDLRA, Multi-site protection – ZERO RPO for Primary and Standby

ZDLRA can be used from a small single database environment to big environments where you need protection in more than one site at the same time. At every level, you can use different features of ZDLRA to provide desirable protection. Here I will show how to reach zero RPO for both primary and standby databases. All the steps, doc, and tech parts are covered.

You can check the examples the reference for every scenario int these two papers from the Oracle MAA team: MAA Overview On-Premises and Oracle MAA Reference Architectures. They provide good information on how to prepare to reduce RPO and improve RTO. In resume, the focus is the same, reduce the downtime and data loss in case of a catastrophe (zero RPO, and zero RPO).

Multi-site protection

If you looked both papers before, you saw that to provide good protection is desirable to have an additional site to, at least, send the backups. And if you go higher, for GOLD and PLATINUM environments, you start to have multiple sites synced with data guard. These Critical/Mission-critical environments need to be protected for every kind of catastrophic failure, from disk until complete site outage (some need to follow specific law’s requirements, bank as an example).

And the focus of this post is these big environments. I will show you how to use ZDLRA to protect both sites, reaching zero RPO even for standby databases. And doing that, you can survive for a catastrophic outage (like entire datacenter failure) and still have zero RPO. Going further, you can even have zero RPO if you lose completely on site when using real-time redo for ZDLRA, and this is not written in the docs by the way.

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DML over Standby for Active Data Guard in 19c

With the new 19c version the Data Guard received some attention and now we can do DML over the standby and it will be redirect to primary database. It is not hard to implement, but unfortunately there is no much information about that in the docs about that.

As training exercise I tested this new feature and want to share some information about that. First, the environment that I used (and the requirements too):

  • Primary and Standby databases running 19c.
  • Data Guard in Maximum Availability .
  • Active Data Guard enabled.

Remember that the idea of DML over the standby it is to use in some cases where your reporting application need to update some tables and few records (like audit logins) while processing the data in the standby. The volume of DML is (and will be) low. At this point there is no effort to allow, or create, a multiple active-active datacenters/sites for your database. If you start to execute a lot of DML in the standby side you can impact the primary database and you adding the fact that you can maximize the problems for locks and concurrency.

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