Sometimes even a perfectly running server can pass over issues after a simple reboot. And was exactly that occurred recently with one Exadata database node. And was not the first time that the same error appears (and since there is no well-documented step by step to fix it I documented them below). So, check how to fix the issue related to the read-only locking_type of LVM detected by dracut.
Exadata, dracut and LVM locking_type as read-only